According to the National Canine Research Council, in 2009, the Wisdom Panel was found to be 84% accurate when dogs were tested that had two purebred parents. With the addition of more genetic markers to the test, the test is believed to be 90% accurate.
Some breeds are relatively new, created by mixing other established breeds together more recently. When this happens, some ancestral similarities may remain in certain chromosomal regions. For this reason it is possible that progenitor breeds may potentially be detected as matches at certain markers in the Wisdom Panel when a dog of the new breed is tested. If this occurs, this would most likely be reported as trace amounts of the ancestrally related breeds.
The Wisdom Panel® Canine DNA Tests are neither designed nor intended to determine or validate whether a particular dog is purebred. Rather, the Wisdom Panel® Canine DNA tests demonstrate how closely an individual dog matches the reference genetic signature for a breed. The database of reference dogs used to develop the reference genetic signatures was generated by sampling purebred dogs at American Kennel Club (AKC) sanctioned events as well as by obtaining sample submissions through a network of veterinarians nationwide. Though the database is constantly being updated, we know that genetic drift and the impact of breeder preference can cause small and/or foreign family lines to not be as well matched by the dogs in the reference database.
The Wisdom Panel tests can be used to determine how genetically similar or different your dog is compared to other known purebreds of the same breed. Be aware that there will be times when a purebred dog will not match exactly to the signatures of the breeds in our database due to factors like genetic drift, the impact of breeder preference, and/or foreign/special family lines. The kennel clubs govern the definition of purity, so it would be best to follow up with the club you’re interested in to learn more about their qualifications and requirements.
Wisdom Panel dog DNA tests aren’t designed or intended to determine or validate whether a dog is purebred. Rather, they’re meant to demonstrate how closely a dog matches the reference genetic signature for a breed.